New research from The Methodist Hospital in Houston shows that sepsis is 10 times more common and more lethal than other more well-known surgical complications including heart attacks and blood clots. These results, published in the Archives of General Surgery, show a greater need for sepsis awareness and early recognition during and after surgery, according to a press release.
The number of people dying from sepsis has almost doubled in the past 20 years nationwide.
“This research shows that hospitals need to identify at-risk patients earlier and implement sepsis screening and early evidence-based interventions with vigilance,” Laura Moore, MD, surgeon at Methodist and principal investigator for the study, stated in the release. “Hospitals must put in place consistent, effective measures that are easy to implement.”
Severe sepsis is the leading cause of organ failure and mortality in general surgery intensive care units. By the end of 2010, it is estimated that approximately 934,000 people in the United States will be afflicted with sepsis.
Moore designed and implemented an effective sepsis screening tool for use in the surgical intensive care unit that is not too cumbersome for health care providers to follow easily, quickly and efficiently. The screening tool uses four parameters that are early indicators of the onset of sepsis: heart rate, temperature, respiratory rate and white blood cell count. These four markers are checked regularly at the bedside so that sepsis issues can be addressed immediately. Upon any sign of early onset, patients are evaluated for a source of infection by a trained clinician, and if appropriate, given fluids and broad-spectrum antibiotics to eliminate the infection.