When breast cancer surgeons regularly confer with plastic surgeons prior to surgery, their patients are more likely to have reconstruction, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Where a woman goes for breast cancer treatment can vary widely, ranging from small private practices to large hospital settings. That choice can impact the type of care a woman receives when it comes to reconstruction.
“Breast reconstruction is a complex treatment issue that requires a lot of discussion. Our results suggest that discussion can be quite different depending on where a patient gets initial treatment,” Steven J. Katz, MD, MPH, lead study author, professor of internal medicine at the University of Michigan (UM) Medical School and of health management and policy at the UM School of Public Health, stated in a press release. “Patients with similar characteristics or preferences may get a different story from different surgeons and this depends largely on whether a plastic surgeon is on the treatment decision team from the get-go. Plastic surgeons are the ones with the expertise to explain the increasingly complicated procedure options.”
Researchers from the cancer surveillance and outcomes research team (CanSORT), a multidisciplinary collaboration among five centers across the country, surveyed breast cancer patients and their surgeons about treatment choices.
They found that use of mastectomy in place of breast-conserving lumpectomy varied little by surgeon. Primarily, women who were not eligible for lumpectomy or who preferred mastectomy received the more aggressive surgery. This supports previous research by the CanSORT team that shows surgeons generally are consistent in their approach to mastectomy use.
Reconstruction is another story. About one-third of women who undergo mastectomy go on to have breast reconstruction. While there are multiple reasons why a woman might not have reconstruction, this study found that 31% of the variation could be attributed solely to how often the patient’s surgeon talked to a plastic surgeon prior to initial surgery.
“This is a deeply intimate and important decision that women have to make. It should be made with the right information about reconstruction options in consultation with a plastic surgeon involved up front in the treatment planning,” Katz, co-director of the socio-behavioral program at the UM Comprehensive Cancer Center, stated. “Patients should be particularly attentive to engaging their surgeons on the first visit about this important treatment option.”