Vitamin D may lower risk of diabetes in children and adolescents

Vitamin D supplementation may decrease the risk for diabetes in obese children and adolescents, according to a recently published study.

Researchers from the University of Missouri recruited 35 prediabetic obese patients from the University of Missouri Adolescent Diabetes and Obesity Clinic. All of the participants had vitamin D deficiency and similar diet and exercise habits. The participants were randomly assigned to receive 4,000 IU of vitamin D per day or a placebo for 6 months, and measurements were taken at the beginning of the study and at two follow-up visits.

The researchers found that the group receiving the supplement became vitamin D sufficient and lowered the amount of insulin in their blood compared with the control group.

“The correction of poor vitamin D status through dietary supplementation may be an effective addition to the standard treatment of obesity and its associated insulin resistance,” the authors wrote in the study abstract.

For more information:

Belenchia AM. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013; doi:10.3945/‚Äčajcn.112.050013.

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