Rehabilitation among lower extremity traumatic amputees can be affected by impaired tissue viability of the residual limb, according to results published in the Journal of Tissue Viability.
Researchers assessed 218 studies to identify key factors relating to tissue viability of the residual limb in lower extremity traumatic amputees and found 37 that met predetermined criteria. Researchers used WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and the National Health and Medical Research Council level of evidence to classify studies.
Study results showed themes of prosthetic fit, the residuum, quality of life, amputee care and prosthetic use. High frequencies of skin problems affecting tissue viability among lower extremity traumatic amputees were linked to intolerance of the prosthesis, researchers found. Other impacts on quality of life that affected rehabilitation and the ability to become independently mobile included integrity of the residual limb, amputee care regimen and pain.
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